Most plants require exposure to darkness and light to develop properly. The interval during which the plants are exposed to light is called photoperiod. Cannabis that require photoperiod must be exposed for consecutive 12-hour cycles each day, however the rudalis family features an autoflowering trait that allows it to flower without photoperiod altogether. This autoflowering trait is recessive, which makes cloning your plants impractical and requires you to grow from seeds instead.
Autoflowering plants go through a much shorter vegetation period and often begin to flower within a month of planting. The plants sustain a very quick and violent flowering phase lasting as little as 8 to 10 weeks. Since photoperiod plants require light cycles, they take much longer to bloom. For autoflowering plants, the vegetation and flowering phases can take place in the same room because the light schedule is unnecessary.
The shorter growth period in combination with the size of the containers they’re grown in (usually 1-2 gallon) influence the plant’s stature to produce a shorter crop, and return a low yield (a little over an ounce per plant). This is ideal for growers with limited time and space. The plant’s rapid turnover is great for growers who need a constant supply; you can stagger the growth of multiple plants in the same room, regardless of their respective growth stages.
Through diligent breeding programs, seeds with autoflowering properties have been successfully mixed with those of high thc-producing strains; you can now produce some to have as much as 23% potency. If you’re a beginning grower, or simply enjoy a low-maintenance operation, then plant with autoflowering seeds.