By The Fresh Toast's Rudy Sanchez, provided exclusively to Benzinga Cannabis. CBD products are legal, but do drug dogs know the difference? Here's what you need to know about traveling with CBD airports with police.
Can Drug Sniffing Dogs Smell Your Weed And Hash? How Accurate Are They?
In retelling a story about being stopped by police while trafficking narcotics in 1994, Mr. Shawn Carter, better known as Jay-Z, describes a conversation where he tells the racial-profiling officer he does not consent to a search of his vehicle. The officer then calls for a drug detecting drug, and now that dog becomes one of Mr. Carter’s 99 problems. But a nosey dog finding Hova’s hidden drugs was far from certain.
According to research conducted on the efficacy of drug sniffing canines, some factors, such as breed and environment, can considerably lower the performance of dogs enlisted to serve in the war on drugs.
A study by Polish researchers from the Department of Animal Behavior at the Institute of Genetics and Animal Breeding of the Polish Academy of Science, found that on average, dogs found hidden drugs correctly only 87.7% of the time, with false indications happening about 5% of the time, and in 7% of cases, the dogs were unable to find the hidden substances.
Photo by Deonny Rantetandung via Unsplash
The group found that German Shepherds were the top narc dog, while terriers, who are often used due to their small size, were poor performers. Dogs also performed better indoors than outdoors, while familiarity with room had no significant impact. Finding drugs outdoors or inside of a car were the most difficult tasks for Man’s Best Friend; these drug sniffing dogs were only 58% accurate when searching within a car.
Some drugs can also leave residual odors that dogs do not distinguish from the actual presence of substances, with cannabis buds and hashish leaving the strongest after-odors, all dogs signaled the presence of hashish a day after it was removed from the location, and 80% did so after 48 hours.
Police dogs and their efficacy is often perceived as highly accurate and nearly infallible. K9s are also immune from racial and other biases, and agencies all over the world rely on their keen sense of smell to find hidden narcotics. Even if Fido isn’t perfect, the study’s researchers point out dogs are still the best tool for the job.
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Are Drug Dogs Trained to Find CBD Products?
Because of the 2018 Farm Bill, CBD products are now legal for sale in the United States. However, because this is such a recent development, many people have concerns about traveling with CBD products. Is it legal? Is it safe? What about traveling to different countries? Can drug dogs detect CBD Oil? Do drug dogs smell CBD? Can dogs smell CBD gummies? Because of past stigma and false information surrounding cannabis, misconceptions about CBD are common. It’s no wonder that people get worried when it comes to traveling.
It’s legal to possess CBD products that contain no more than 0.3% THC. Nevertheless, many people get jitters when traveling with it and carrying it in their luggage through the airport. Travelers are concerned that even though they’ve obtained the products legally, they may run into trouble with security or TSA officials.
These concerns have prompted questions about whether or not canine security members are trained to find CBD. As experts in the hemp industry, we feel that it is our duty to shed some light on the matter. Here’s what you need to know about CBD and drug dogs.
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Can Drug Detection Canines Find CBD?
Drug detection canines are commonplace in U.S. airports and transit systems. Dogs have been used for decades to help security guards and policemen find harmful and illegal substances. Can drug dogs detect CBD oil? Can dogs smell CBD oil? Can drug dogs smell gummies?
Unfortunately, there’s no straightforward answer. It’s uncommon but possible. It all depends on what the dog’s trained to find and what ingredients are in the products. Let us explain.
How Drug Dogs Detect Cannabis
Drug dogs are trained to sniff out certain smells. Not all drug dogs are trained to find cannabis. On the lengthy lists of police concerns, cannabis falls pretty low on the totem pole. Therefore, the vast majority of drug dogs are not trained to find cannabis.
However, there are a few drug dogs that do receive this training. These dogs are trained to sniff out the scent of specific terpenes, such as Beta-Caryophyllene or Myrcene. Terpenes are what give cannabis plants their powerful odor. So while drug dogs may not be trained to find CBD, they are trained to find other compounds that are commonly found in CBD products.
Products to Avoid
If you’re traveling with CBD in the U.S., it may be best to avoid products that are at high risk of being able to be detected by drug dogs. So long as your products contain less than 0.3% THC, you’re not doing anything illegal. But still, some dogs may become confused, and clearing up the matter with the security agents could result in an embarrassing scene or a delay that makes you miss your flight.
Products that drug dogs are mostly liked to detect are ones that contain high amounts of concentrates and terpenes. This includes full-spectrum and broad-spectrum products. When in doubt, it may be best to stick with a CBD isolate.
However, it’s important to note that this information only pertains to travelers whose destinations are located within the U.S. International travels are a whole different matter.
If you’re traveling internationally with CBD, there’s a good chance that whatever cruise port or airport you arrive at may have drug dogs. That’s why it’s generally recommended to check your destination’s laws on CBD before traveling. Some countries strictly prohibit CBD products from the U.S. It’s important to check before you travel so that you don’t end up dealing with complicated legal matters.
Purchasing CBD Internationally
Similar rules apply if you’re purchasing CBD from the U.S. and intend to have it shipped to another country. You may be required to obtain documentation that clarifies the legality of your products and their ingredients. In other cases, it may not be possible to ship products internationally if they’re considered illegal. At Hemp Depot, we are happy to help all of our clients obtain the necessary documentation they need for shipping and distribution.
When In Doubt, Research the Laws
If you’re unsure whether or not it’s okay to travel with CBD, it’s best to do some research. Research your destination country’s laws on CBD and hemp products. If you’re traveling on an airplane or cruise ship, you may want to consider contacting them and asking about their policies. It’s always best to understand what you’re getting into so you can be prepared for all the possible situations that you may encounter.
Get More Information
Do you have questions about traveling with CBD or shipping CBD products to another region? Contact our office to get more information. We will be happy to assist you and answer any questions you may have. We look forward to hearing from you soon!