You may be tempted to speed up the drying process but it has been shown that slow and steady wins the race. Rushing the process and exposing your crop to high temperatures will almost certainly reduce the quality, and result in diminished flavor and even potentially a “poor and uncomfortable high.” Good luck explaining that to your investors or to a discerning dispensary that has numerous growers vying for their shelf space.
Over the last decade, more and more states have chosen to legalize the sale of both medicinal and recreational marijuana. Even without national legalization, the U.S. marijuana market was worth $9.2 billion in 2017 and is projected to reach $47.3 billion by 2027, a growth rate of 514% over 10 years (source: Arcview Market Research and BDS Analytics).
Again borrowing from Royal Queen Seeds expertise, here’s a how-to on drying your valuable crop:
This technique is usually reserved for growers with a large amount of plant matter and little time to process it. This involves cutting off branches and hanging them whole from drying lines. Once the plants are dry, they are then trimmed and processed. It is more difficult to achieve the neatness of a wet trim as sugar leaves will curl in toward the buds while drying. The agitation of handling a dried bud during trimming can also result in the loss of potent resin crystals.
The increased humidity levels allow seedlings to take water in through the leaves while their root systems are developing.
On behalf of their customers, dispensaries are looking for consistent quality and a range of products. So while the opportunity to run a lucrative and stable growing business has increased dramatically, there is more and more pressure for growers to produce a consistently high-quality product in order to turn increased demand into increased dollars.
As the roots are now more developed, they’re able to perform most of the needed water uptake with evaporation through the leaves now cooling the plants.
Let’s Get Growing
The curing process breaks down chlorophyll remaining in the plant, resulting in a less-harsh taste. Remember: harsh buds are not quality buds. These procedures can enhance the shelf-life of a crop, which is highly important with a product like cannabis that isn’t afforded the addition of preservatives.
Here again is the equipment you can use to help you attain these levels:
Just like people, plants do their best in a particular temperature range. Generally, pot plants in their vegetative stage prefer a temperature in a range from about 68 to about 77 degrees Fahrenheit. When they are flowering, cannabis plants like a range of about 65 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit. They can live in lower and higher temperature, but since you can control the heat simply indoors, why not give them what they want for maximum growth and potency?
You can buy all the parts necessary for a drip system individually and assemble them yourself, but drip irrigation kits offer an easier and more economical option. They give you everything you need and can be assembled in as little as a few hours. By adding an automatic timer, you can even ensure your plants regular watering when you are away.
Whether you want to raise cannabis commercially for profit or are looking to grow some bud for recreational fun or medical marijuana for good health, setting up and using a grow room offers lots of advantages. Unlike growing marijuana outdoors, raising it indoors in a grow room allows you to control all the crucial conditions that affect its growth, like temperature, light, nutrients and water. In addition, growing weed indoors will keep it away from destructive four-legged pests like rabbits and deer who may want your crop.
How to Get Sunlight & Fertilizer for Indoor Cannabis Plants
Also consider humidity. Depending on the stage of growth, pot plants generally like relative humidity from 40% to 70%. Conditions that are too humid can lead to disease, molds and fungus. Extremely dry conditions can retard the growth of your pot plants.
To help you get the most out of your pot-growing efforts, DripWorks has put together some basic tips to help you achieve the ideal grow room conditions for growing cannabis indoors. Whether you are growing one marijuana plant or a thousand, these ideas for perfect grow room conditions should help you get the most out of your efforts.
Water is a crucial element of life, and pot plants are no exception. They need adequate amounts to thrive. Growing plants inside, you will need to provide a steady supply of just the right amount of H2O. You could hand-water with a hose or a bucket, but that is a time-consuming and inefficient process. A good drip irrigation system can deliver just the right amount of water to each of your plants efficiently and reliably.
Grow Room Tips for Cannabis Growing
A grow room might be as small as a closet or as big as a barn. No matter the size of your grow room setup, you want to pamper your plants for maximum growth and strength.
Pot plants need plenty of sun to grow too. But indoors they will be shielded from Old Sol. To substitute for the sun, a wide choice of grow lights is available on the market, making it easy to meet your growing needs and your budget.
The best grow room temperature during the vegetative stage of growth is 70-78 degrees F. when the lights are on during the “daytime” and no more than 10-15 degrees cooler at “night” with a relative humidity of 45-55%. With these settings, your plants will best be able to convert light into energy for growth. This is the time when the plant puts on leaves and branches and expands it’s root system throughout your growing medium. If it gets too cold or hot, growth stops and you eventually risk losing your plants altogether.
In order to properly measure temperature and humidity, you’ll need a thermometer and hygrometer. Best to invest in a digital one that can give you current readouts as well as highs and lows when you’re not inside the room. To raise heat, you’ll need a heater and to lower heat, you’ll need an air conditioner. These can be outside or inside the growing space depending on the size of your space and how much the temps and moisture levels fluctuate. A humidifier and a dehumidifier can be employed to raise and lower humidity rates. Larger grow rooms can benefit from a controller that uses a sensor to keep track of temps and humidity and turns on the appropriate appliance to regulate and keep them within your set parameters.
Garden temperature is a critical factor in photosynthesis and plant development.
The Vegetative Stage: Best Grow Room Temperature
The drying room is a place that must be carefully monitored. Keep in mind that your plants will be giving off a large amount of moisture into the room as they dry. It’s important to pull wet air out and keep air circulating in the room without actually having fans blowing right on your hanging branches, which can dry them out prematurely resulting in a harsh taste and burn. Also, growers in dry places such as Colorado struggle to extend their drying time with humidifiers, while farmers in more humid climates such as Northern California use dehumidifiers to pull water from the air in order to avoid mold growing on their buds.
Ideal grow room temperature and humidity varies depending on the stage of plant life. Cloning requires higher temperature and humidity than vegetative growth and flowering plants have different ideal atmospheric conditions as well. In order to master the art of marijuana growing, dialing in the proper environment at the right time remains the most essential ingredient for success. So, what is the best grow room temperature and humidity level?
Because cannabis cuttings root best in warm conditions with high humidity, the cheap trays with clear plastic domes work remarkably well. In cool conditions, a heat mat should be placed underneath the trays to maintain an optimum temperature of 74-78 degrees F. and relative humidity at 75-85%. No matter where and into what medium you plan to root your clones, keep warmth and high humidity on your priority list. Clones allowed to get cold or dry will perish quite quickly. Too much humidity (over 90%) can also cause mold and rot, so cut a quarter-sized hole or two in your clear plastic dome to allow some air movement and circulation.
The best grow room temperature during the flowering stage of growth is 68-75 degrees during the day and no more than 10-15 degrees cooler at night. If you’re supplementing with CO2, daytime temps can be as high as 75-82 or so. During flowering, you should lower your relative humidity to 35-45% and even lower (30%) for the last couple of weeks before harvest. This will help you avoid issues with mold, bud rot and PM (Powdery Mildew) that can arise in higher humidity.
The ideal temperature for a drying room is between 65 – 74 degrees Fahrenheit and humidity between 45 – 55 percent in a dark well-ventilated room. Cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids can evaporate and be released at temperatures above 80 degrees, diminishing the scent, flavor and potency of your buds. Within 6 – 10 days your branches should snap instead of bending and the buds should feel popcorn dry on the outside. This is the time to cut the individual buds from the branches and put them into glass jars to begin the curing process. Cure your buds in a cool (68-72 degree F.) and dark place.