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cannabis strain grow guide

Cannabis strain grow guide

Your homegrowing journey starts with the question: indoors or outdoors?

Before you get started growing, you’ll need to see if you even can grow in your state. Below is a list of states in which it is legal to grow your own marijuana at home, both states with medical and adult-use legal status. If your state does not appear on this list, it is not legal to homegrow in your state .

At the end of the day, you want to grow a strain you like. A single plant can yield between a half-pound and a full pound of dried buds, depending on how big your plants get, so you’ll have a lot of it come harvest time.

The best way to get quality buds and big yields is to grow strong, healthy plants. Here’s a quick rundown of the most important things you need to know about growing weed:

What does a marijuana plant need to survive and thrive?

*Illinois and Washington are adult-use states but require a medical card to homegrow.

Below are all the topics covered in our growing guide. That is followed by a list of where it’s legal to homegrow in the US and a quick overview of the growing process.

Growing weed indoors is more expensive because you’ll need to spend money on equipment and utilities, but you can control every aspect of the grow environment and set up an indoor grow almost anywhere. Expect to grow some killer weed—indoor is known for its potency and quality.

Where is it legal to homegrow cannabis?

Growing outdoors is the cheapest and easiest way to grow, because you can utilize the power of the sun and other natural resources, but you need the proper space to do it, and the space needs to be able to get ample sunlight throughout the growing season. Often, you can let plants grow large and get big yields with more space outdoors.

Whether indoors or outdoors, growing marijuana is fun and rewarding, but it can also be challenging and takes a certain amount of patience, time, and money. We’ll walk you through all the steps of growing, from preparation, to seed germination, plant growth, and harvesting, as well as best practices and how to troubleshoot common problems.

Cannabis strain grow guide

Because each of these original strains are now coming together in the budding agriculture of cannabis cultivation, breeding is occurring at an even faster rate. Many hybrids are seedless and thus can only be propagated by cloning. When a great plant is selected and named, this is the only way to create a genetically identical plant. Cloning can occur with most propagation methods such as layering, or on a mammoth scale with microscopic tissue culture of plants. By and large, most of the major strains sold today are hybrids. Those listed as I/S mean characteristics of Cannabis indica dominate and vice versa, but this is highly subjective. Some dispensaries sell live clone seedlings and seeds of named varieties for those who wish to grow at home.

In Colombia, cannabis grown in the highlands for centuries was a time-honored local art. These strains are adapted to a year-round equatorial climate without defined seasons. Drug traffickers smuggled this seed in quality commercial-grade marijuana to the states. This became the most widely available seed for breeding new strains for indoor cultivation, and Colombian genes can be found in many.

These heirloom strains from India, Mexico, Morocco and Southeast Asia stabilized in the cultures of origin for reliable seed cultivation. Early breeders in 1960s America sought to obtain the most isolated seed sources from these genesis areas as stock for hybridization. The more adulterated the culture though, the more adulterated the cannabis gene pool. Today, these original plants are hard to find and treasured breeding stock, when they are found by plant hunters in the field.

HERITAGE STRAINS

It is counted among the earliest cultivated crops. In prehistory, when cannabis transitioned from a wild plant to a desirable one for humans, it flourished in certain regions. The two original species utilized early on were Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica. Sativa is tall, leaves long, with smaller flowers held on top and a thin, shorter growing season. Indica is a shorter, wider plant, the leaves far more broad with flowering all along the stems. Indica is more adaptable to long-term residential cultivation due to its size-to-flower ratio.

Cannabis breeding is still in its infancy compared to other homegrown vegetables or herbs. Yet like vegetables, it has yet to come into the garden. Once commercial growers pick it up as a garden plant, all the breeding will pay off in easy-to-grow hybrids and traditional heirlooms from around the world, and right around the corner.

These heirloom strains stabilized in the cultures of origin for reliable seed cultivation.

Some of the original strains, considered phenotypes, have interesting stories that explain their value to the big picture. Each have been sculpted genetically for many characteristics, from disease resistance to flower size, potency or fiber quality. Amateur breeders first used the original strains in America to develop new hybrids. Modern breeders still seek these old-school named varieties for more pristine, undiluted original gene pools.

Southeast Asian strains were discovered during the Vietnam War, and to this day are the most potent. Adapted to a frost-free climate, plants there may become perennial. This makes them difficult to flower in other climate zones, so they are bred with short season, strong flowering Hindu Kush for greater adaptability. Those returning from the war brought these strains to California, where amateur breeding was flourishing.

Cannabis strain grow guide

Today, we are explaining in detail each of the attributes that can be found in the information provided by the cannabis seed banks in relation to the genetics they sell. This will help you to clear any doubts when checking the strains’ index cards and descriptions, and to understand every trait of the plants outlined in their catalogues.

Smoke Report: Punch Out by Purple City Genetics

Although many cannabis growers use seeds on each and every crop, whether growing under artificial lights or outdoors, some of them prefer to keep their mother plants in an indoor grow space and consistently take cuttings to get them to flower whenever it suits them. Both methods have advantages and disadvantages; on the one hand, when cultivating from seeds you get a greater variety of flavours, aromas and effects than when you grow from cuttings. In addition, plants cultivated from seeds are usually more vigorous and productive.

Rare cannabis strains

Runtz caused such a stir that, only three years after its release in California, it was voted best strain of the year 2020 by the prestigious Leafly platform, an award worthy of the impact created by this plant. But let’s not get ahead of ourselves and start at the beginning. Where does Runtz come from?