Also called “Dove Weed,” Woolly Croton is a native, warm-season annual forb/broadleaf adapted to the South that produces seeds highly palatable to dove, quail and other seed-eating birds. Non-GMO
Woolly Croton – per lb
Also called “Dove Weed,” Woolly Croton is a native, warm-season annual forb/broadleaf adapted to the South that produces seeds highly palatable to dove, quail and other seed-eating birds. Plant 5 lbs per acre winter through spring. Woolly Croton typically has a high percentage of dormant seed, so planting during the cold season allows natural processes to “wake up” the germ to grow in the spring. However, the seed can be planted in the warm season, as well. In either case, the time it takes to germinate and become established is highly variable, although planting in winter or even late winter/early spring will help your odds of success for spring germination. Non-GMO
Stonebridge Mesa | June 2019
Doveweed is native to the west coast of North America below 5300 feet (1600 m); it is centered in California, but is also found in adjacent states and northern Baja, California. It prefers open sunny, dry areas, especially disturbed soils, such as abandoned agricultural lands and road sides. It’s rapid and persistent growth in disturbed areas has earned it the status of “weed” among many farmers and ranchers. 144,340
Doveweed or turkey mullein (Croton setiger) is a low growing, native annual that thrives in dry, disturbed, open places, such as on Stonebridge Mesa. Even from a distance it can be recognized by the low, tidy mounds of pale green foliage, themselves evenly spaced out into large patches and fields.
Male and female structures occur on separate flowers on the same plant (they are monoecious). Both sexes are inconspicuous. Male flowers are 1/8 to 1/4 (0.4 cm) across, in small groups at the ends of branches. They lack petals. The calyx is green and cup-shaped, usually with five lobes. There are 6-10 stamens exserted beyond the calyx with cream colored anthers and pollen. The female flowers occur in groups of one to a few in the axils beneath the male flowers. Female flowers lack both sepals and petals. There is one pistil with a plump, oblong, one-chambered ovary and one usually thread-like style, often curved or coiled. The main flowering period is May – October. 7
In the Reserve, doveweed is rarely found beyond Stonebridge Mesa where it forms a few large patches in the open areas along the northeast side of the mesa top.
The fruit is a dried capsule that splits into two valves from the tip. The outer wall of the capsule consists of two structures and appears two-layered. There is usually a single seed, about 1/8 inch (3-4 mm) long; it is a smooth ellipsoid, somewhat triangular in cross section and variously mottled or striped in tans, browns or grays, or occasionally solid.
Species from the genus Croton should not be confused with the colorful, tropical houseplant with the common name croton (Codiaeum variegatum).