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el perro seeds

Very thick juicy pods with a medium heat that would be excellent in any dish or pickled.

Flavour wise: Very juicy with a fresh apple flavour, almost like a Granny Smith apple.

All in all a great producer, easy to grow and with a long season, because the chilli seems to like the cool weather as well. We can only recommend this great variety.

Aji Pinga de Perro is a remarkable chilli pepper from Lindberg Figueroa in Venezuela. Pinga de Perro means Dog Penis in Catalan and perhaps this chilli can resemble a dog’s penis. The plant grows to over 80 cm tall in a pot and would grow bigger, if you plant it in the ground.

This chilli plant really stands out in the garden when it’s full of amazing looking pods. The pods are big about 10-11 cm long and 2.5-3 cm wide, start off green and end up a bright red.

In a trial in Malaysia, intake of golden millet by dairy cows managed in rotational grazing was higher than intake in a cut-and-carry system (Wan Hassan et al., 1989). Grazing cows had a higher milk yield than pen-fed cows (1365 vs. 1067 kg/lactation) but dairy performance was lower than that obtained with a mixture of signal grass (Brachiaria decumbens) and leucaena (Leucaena leucocephala).

Because of its large crown, the Kazungula cultivar was reported to provide good erosion control when sown in contour strips (FAO, 2017).

African bristle grass, African pigeon grass, canary seed grass, common setaria, golden bristle grass, Rhodesian grass (Southern Africa), golden millet, golden setaria, golden timothy (Zimbabwe), Kazungula setaria, pigeon grass, pigeongrass, setaria (Australia), Rhodesian grass, Setaria (Australia), South African pigeon grass [English]; sétaire d’Afrique [French]; capim de Congo, capim maranga, setaria, setaria narok, capim-setária, napierzinho [Portuguese]; cola de perro, mijo silvestre, rabo de cachorro, setarea, narok, zacate setaria, pasto nandi, zacate nandi, pasto san Juan (Costa Rica), pasto miel (Ecuador), fleo dorado (Mexico) [Spanish]; Mannagras [Afrikaans]; 南非鴿草 [Chinese]

In growing Nubian crossbed goats, the nutritive value of pastures of golden millet was lower than that of pangola grass (Digitaria decumbens), elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) and Guinea grass (Megathyrsus maximus) as the average daily weight gain was respectively 34, 47, 47 and 45 g/day (Hsieh et al., 1990). Supplementation with concentrates increased growth performance (Hsieh, 1996).


Golden millet is found in both hemispheres from 29°N to 5°S and from sea level to an altitude of 2600 m (-3300 m) (FAO, 2017). Golden millet is a spring and summer growing species but it keeps growing late in autumn (Moore, 2016). Golden millet grows at higher altitudes than panicoid pasture grass as it survives freezing temperatures (Hacker, 1992). It does better when temperatures are between 18-22°C but can still grow during winter if frost is not too heavy (FAO, 2017). Golden millet grows usually in places with more than 750 mm annual rainfall. For cultivation, wetter places with more than 1000 mm rainfall are preferred. Golden millet has variable tolerance of waterlogging and flooding, and generally low tolerance of drought (Cook et al., 2005; van Wijk, 1980). However, some cultivars such as Kazungula are particularly suited to wet lowlands while having good drought tolerance (Cook et al., 2005). In South East Brazil, golden millet was reported to have only moderate tolerance to flooding compared to Brachiaria species (B. mutica, B. arrecta and B. humidicola), Hemarthria altissima and Paspalum atratum (Botrel et al., 2002). Golden millet thrives on moist fertile soils but can grow on poor sandy and stony soils. It generally grows on soils with a pH of 5.5-6.5 and does not withstand acidity, alkalinity or salinity (FAO, 2017). Golden millet is fairly tolerant of shade: its yield is reduced by 50% under 60% shade (Cook et al., 2005). Once established, the species is tolerant of fire and regrowth may even be more tillering after burning (Cook et al., 2005).

Golden millet forage contains moderate to high levels of oxalates, depending on variety, stage of growth, fertiliser level, the part of the plant used, etc. N fertilized golden millet and golden millet cultivated in association with a legume species had a higher oxalate content (Seawright et al., 1970).

Compared to Brachiaria brizantha and Megathyrsus maximus, Setaria sphacelata cv. Kazungula had the lowest DM percentage year-round and the smallest leaf blade during spring and summer. This can limit its intake by ruminants, especially during the rainy season (Sánchez et al., 1996; Gerdes et al., 2000a; Gerdes et al., 2000b). Compared to Narok and Nandi, Kazungula was the least acceptable cultivar as it flowered early in the growing season and remained stemmy for a long period (Jones et al., 2003).

Palatability and intake

The average DM yield of golden millet forage ranges from 10 to 15 t/ha. However, much higher yields of 26-28 t/ha have been reported from well-fertilised irrigated stands (FAO, 2017; Cook et al., 2005).

Several cultivars of Setaria sphacelata var. splendida have been developed in Australia to satisfy different cultivation conditions. Some of their characteristics are summarized in the table below.

(When singing this traditional Colombian song, squeeze each fingertip as you recite this rhyme, starting with the little finger.)


Un día de verano, mi chivita traviesa
se metió en el corral. (Place the goat on the flannel board)

La chiva terca

Vamos a llamar al agua, (Place the water on the flannel board)
para que apague el fuego, (Repeat)
El agua no quiere apagar el fuego,
El fuego no quiere quemar al palo,
El palo no quiere pegarle al perro,
El perro no quiere morder a la chiva,
la chiva no quiere salir de ahí.