Two rounded cotyledon leaves will grow out from the stem as the plant unfolds from the protective casing of the seed. These initial leaves are responsible for taking in sunlight needed for the plant to become healthy and stable.
Outdoors, flowering occurs naturally when the plant receives less light each day as summer turns into fall. Indoor growers can trigger the flowering cycle by reducing the amount of light marijuana plants receive from 16 to 12 hours a day.
If you’re growing outdoors in the Northern Hemisphere, growers usually get their seeds between February and April, and you should start your seeds by the end of April. Some growers will start their seedlings inside in a more controlled environment because seedlings are more delicate, and then put their seeds in the ground outside once they’re a little bigger. If you’re growing clones or autoflowers, you have a grace period of another month or so. Plants usually need to be outside, in the ground, by the end of June.
What are a weed plant’s growth stages?
The biggest variability in how long a marijuana plant takes to grow will happen in the vegetative stage—after the seedling phase and before flowering.
If you need to determine the sex of your plants (to discard the males), they will start showing sex organs a few weeks into the veg stage. It’s imperative to separate males so they don’t pollinate the females.
If you’re growing indoors, you can force a weed plant to flower after only a few weeks when it’s small, or after several weeks when it’s big. If you’re growing outdoors, you’re at the whim of the seasons and will have to wait until the sun starts to go down in fall for it to flower and then to harvest.
Vegetative stage length: 3-16 weeks
Hybrids are the result of crossing Indicas with Sativas. While some prefer to cultivate either pure Indica or pure Sativa strains, most growers are cultivating hybrids due to the interesting and fun variants that are produced.
Overall, the time it takes to flower cannabis depends on the strain of weed you are attempting to grow and the method you are using. If you want to grow Sativa strains, you may want to brace yourself for a longer haul, while Indicas will flower much more quickly. As you progress in your grow skillset, try combining strains in order to get the most out of your grow times and the seasons of the year.
How To Prepare For Growing Cannabis
Growing and maintaining your own personal weed crop is one of the most rewarding experiences cannabis enthusiasts can have. While the process itself can be very time-consuming and requires some studying, it is not impossible! Plenty of people around the world have undertaken this process and gotten great results from their crops.
August 23, 2021 by Pure Oasis
Know The Costs
Be prepared to spend a significant amount of money when planning to grow weed. Buying quality marijuana seeds is not a cheap investment, and you’ll also need to invest in decently expensive equipment as well.
Excess light or temperature can bleach or burn the buds (causing them to be discolored). The buds will also lose some of their potency (THC) since evaporation will cause the plant to lose some of its cannabinoids. Do you still need convincing about the importance of maintaining the right light and temperature levels?
Whether you’re just starting to grow cannabis or you’ve been at it for a while, it’s a good idea to know what to expect during the cannabis flowering cycle. The cannabis plant has a variety of characteristics during the different stages of its lifecycle – which include germination, the vegetative stage and the flowering stage – but for many home growers, the final flowering stage is the most exciting. A lot of it is because this stage reveals what the quality and quantity of your harvest will be. Understanding the process makes growing easier. This article will go in-depth into the cannabis flowering stages , so that you can harvest higher quality buds.
Harvest up to a pound
Week 4-6: Fattening of the Buds
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Be careful with your plants at this point. They are extremely sensitive to the conditions around them during the end of the grow. For example, without ample airflow excess moisture from transpiration can become trapped inside the constantly growing buds, causing the dreaded “bud rot” (botyritis, or gray mold) that often spreads and destroys entire harvests.
Some cannabis growers believe the growth spurt during this phase means that your cannabis plants still need the same types of nutrients that were used during the vegetative growth phase, such as nitrogen. Another school of thought suggests that introducing nutrients needed for bud production such as phosphorous and magnesium can limit the amount of stretch and help jump-start the plant’s budding by having these nutrients available already. Regardless of which you believe, the plant should gradually be switched from a vegetative line of nutrients to a blooming line throughout this period.
Cannabis Flowering Week By Week
Why are nutrients like nitrogen counterproductive at this point? The reason is that these nutrients are not being used to the same extent that they were during the vegetative stage. This causes an accumulation in the leaves that negatively affects the quality of the buds after harvest. If too much nitrogen is present, the plant can even get stressed and revert to vegetative growth or self-pollinate and start producing seeds, which negatively affect the quality and quantity of harvest.
You want to maintain as many leaves as necessary to create a full canopy because if you remove too many after this point, your plant may not have enough foliage to absorb enough light to maximize yields. However, if you have plenty of healthy leaves, there is a “reserve” of leaves that will help the plant continue to thrive.