Every strain of marijuana that is not a hybrid falls into one of two categories: Cannabis Indica or Cannabis Sativa. Indica flowers are short with dark, broad green leaves. They usually reach a height of 4-8 feet and are more commonly seen in Central and Southeast Asia. Sativa plants, on the other hand, are known for their long, thin and light green leaves and typically reach a height of 8-12 feet. Sativas grow more commonly in tropical areas, and the plant emits a sweet odor compared to the stronger and more pungent odor of Indicas.
Choosing the Right Strain to Grow
The most important thing to consider when planning cannabis seeds for your own cannabis farm is the kind of cannabis strain to grow. Factors such as the climate, light density, location, and your set-up will definitely affect your choice of cannabis strain to use–i.e. it’s much easier to grow Indica if you’re dealing with some low ceilings.
Cannabis Indica is suited better for growing in cooler climates since Indicas come from places where harsh and variable weather exists. Indicas often mature faster if exposed for about 4 weeks under extra artificial lights. This makes them more suited for beginner growers since they are faster and easier to grow and they tend to produce better yields as compared to those of the sativas.
For cultivation, Indicas are best grown indoors. Growth under more controlled conditions is preferred since these plants are more compact and they do not grow as much as the sativas. Their buds will be thicker and denser and once they start flowering, only about 6-8 weeks will be needed for them to mature. This makes them the fastest cannabis strain to mature.
When cultivating Sativa, it should be remembered that they come from a tropical environment wherein there is an abundance of sunlight available for the plants. Since the sativa strain has the characteristic longer and thinner buds than the indicas, more intense light is needed for the buds to thicken and reach their maturity. Being a large bush-type plant, sativas are best grown outdoors where space is much bigger.
Usually, more than 12-13 hours of light daily is required during the vegetative state of the sativas. With a few more degrees added during the germination stage of the seeds, the tropical environment to which they’re suited can be imitated, assisting in the production of more sprouts from the planted seeds. Meanwhile, 9-15 weeks is the amount of time it takes for the sativa buds to flower; once they started flowering, you can expect you sativas to fully mature after 10-16 weeks.
Growing the cannabis
Cultivation of cannabis is now usually done either through growing in soil or water. The usual method preferred by farmers is soil growing but the concept of soilless growing, where aquaponics is best known, is gaining interest among them.
Different conditions should be considered prior to cultivation. Strict control of the climate conditions is the best way to ensure a productive yield. Here are some of the things to remember when growing a cannabis farm:
Selecting the place to grow. You can grow cannabis either indoors or outdoors. Just remember to know what the necessary requirements your cannabis strain needs. Also, make sure your chosen place is secure.
Both Indicas and Sativas provide different, distinct usage and pain relief to MMJ patients. Indicas are best for treating insomnia as well as acting as a relaxant that helps during anxiety attacks, nausea, and muscle spasms. Sativas, meanwhile, causes cerebral effects which make the users feel optimistic and energetic which help during migraines, nausea, and depressions.
As you can see, each strain has its own benefits, both from a grower’s and a user’s stand point. Only you can choose which type of strain best suits your goals.