Street value?Pot can vary a lot in quality and value, but with a conservative estimate that a plant can yield one pound of average weed at $1,600 a pound, the 1.11 million plants seized in 2020 could have a street value of about $1.77 billion.
Recreational cannabis sales began in January 2018, and while many have played by the rules, the illegal growth and sale of the plant continues to undermine those following the rules.
Cannabis status by state
Illegal plants seized in California by year
You can report an illegal business anonymously online at cannabis.ca.gov
Since its establishment in 1983, the Campaign Against Marijuana Planting has had more than 110 law enforcement agencies involved, making it one of the largest law enforcement task forces in the U.S.
Marijuana is legal for adults to use in 18 states and Washington, D.C. Medical marijuana is legal in 37.Most recently, New Mexico, Virginia and Connecticut legalized recreational cannabis.
Licensed to grow, manufacture and sell
State license issuance began in 2018, but data isn’t available for that initial year because they were issued as temporary licenses. Data sets begin in 2019, when 12-month annual and provisional licenses began to be issued, using the online licensing systems. Licenses remain active for one year, at which point they can be renewed for an additional 12 months. This list displays counts of when the licenses were first issued, but not each time one was renewed.
If you’re a cultivator seeking to grow a larger crop, you would apply for one of the following licenses:
The specialty indoor license is for the indoor cultivation of up to 5,000 square feet of plants using exclusively artificial light at one location.
Before the crop reaches a retailer or manufacturer, the cannabis must pass through a distributor, who will also have the product sampled by a testing lab – the cost of which will be passed on to the grower.
The Departments of Fish and Wildlife and the State Water Board will issue regulations regarding the steps that marijuana growers need to take to prevent damage to California’s waterways.
Cannabis cultivators must have:
Appellations are used for other products, too. For example, the wine industry uses appellations to tell consumers which region the grapes were grown and wine was made.
The cannabis appellations program will:
If you want to grow cannabis and sell it in California, you will need a cultivation license. The type of cultivation license you need depends on:
There are different licenses if you:
Cultivators grow all of the cannabis plants that are harvested, sold as flower, and made into products. Their operations look like other agricultural operations in California. Cannabis cultivation is a multi-step process that includes:
Use of pesticides
CDFW and Water Board rules prevent:
Pesticide use is enforced by DPR and county agricultural commissioners. Contact your county agricultural commissioner if you have questions about pesticides.