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how to grow marijuana outdoors step by step

How to grow marijuana outdoors step by step

If you live in a climate with exceptionally hot and sunny days, use shade cloth to prevent your plants from overheating. In cold areas, natural enclosures and cement or brick walls can be used to help retain any available heat and keep your plants warm.

Plan to put plants in the ground based on the temperature, season, and light where you live so your cannabis plants have time to finish flowering before cold, rainy weather sets in.

Choosing the best site for outdoor cannabis

During the vegetative phase, plants need more nitrogen in order to create the roots and leaves that serve as the base for flowering. During the start of the flowering cycle, the plants will require more phosphorus and potassium than nitrogen. Towards the end of the flowering cycle, once the majority of the nitrogen has been depleted, the plants will focus their attention on using the remaining nutrients. The lack of nitrogen is largely responsible for the vibrant purple and orange hues that can be seen on large fan leaves and throughout the plants’ colas.


Timing is key. A short vegetative phase can cause cannabis plants to flower early, while a long vegetative phase can prevent your plants from finishing their flowering cycle if the weather takes a turn for the worse. The Farmer’s Almanac is a reliable source for planning around the seasons and preparing your crop for success.

How to grow marijuana outdoors step by step

While other factors are important too, these two have the biggest influence on the performance of your plants after planting.

Extreme weather events such as storms and physical damage by animals are the leading threats to cannabis when you plant them outdoors. If necessary, you can consider using a protective enclosure to keep your plants safe.

What Is Your Grow Location?

Growing your cannabis outdoors means you’re exposing them to weather conditions that might be a bit harsh. Although plants can be sturdy, they’re not immune to the elements and nature.

Finally, after growing your plants and making sure that they have all they need for healthy growth, harvesting them at the right time. Harvesting too early or too late can compromise the quality of your product.

Step 5: Plant Your Weed and Nurture

If you have access to a forest that has ample space and is secure, this can be an excellent option. It’s already a hub for growing vegetation, and so the access to sunlight and soil nutrients are already in existence.

Relying on the power of the sun, you won’t need to spend a ton of money on an outdoor grow. You’ll need some soil, fertilizer, seeds or clones, and maybe a small greenhouse to get them started. You won’t need to pay for electricity for lights, AC units, or dehumidifiers, and you can even collect rainwater.

Benefits of growing weed outdoors

It’s fun and relaxing

Choosing the best outdoor cannabis grow site

Indoor grows can be wasteful, using a ton of electricity to power all those lights, fans, and other equipment. The sun and the wind are free!