The size your plant gets in this stage will have a huge impact on the final size of your plant.
There are additional cannabis harvest methods that are much more precise – such as using trichomes to know when to harvest your buds.
For the first 2 weeks of curing, open the jars once a day for several seconds to get fresh air in your jars and release any moisture.
Step 7: Vegetative Stage – Grow Your Plant Big and Strong
For those of us who prefer pre-made mixes, I recommend starting with the popular Fox Farms Ocean Forest soil (often referred to as FFOF) since it’s already supplemented with plenty of nutrients that work very well for young cannabis plants. It’s a rich yet still somewhat airy soil that is made for plants just like cannabis and has been used by growers for years.
It’s important to pay close attention to your cannabis plants during the flowering stage. This is because in this stage your plant is much more likely to suffer from nutrient problems as they’re focusing all their energy on growing buds.
Most strains of cannabis begin this stage once they’re getting at least 12 hours of uninterrupted darkness a night. Autoflowering cannabis plants will start the flowering stage without needing a lighting change.
Step 8: Flowering Stage
It’s important to maintain the pH of your root environment to prevent nutrient problems.
There are many methods for cannabis seed germination.
Stale air is the enemy of a healthy plant, so you’ll want to keep a flow going in your indoor space. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
It might be easier to grow marijuana outdoors if you live in an ideal climate, or indoors if you have a grow room. If you live in a dry, temperate climate with loads of sunshine, like San Diego or the Mediterranean, then growing weed outdoors may be the way to go. If you have ample space in your home, along with an efficient lighting system and temperature controls, then your marijuana plants may fare well indoors.
Water: Anything less than emerald green leaves means it’s time to water your plants, but the quality of water is just as important as the quantity. A handheld water quality meter will help you measure the mineral and chemical content of your water. You can also use the meter to track pH levels, which are best at 5.5 to 6.5 for indoor cannabis. Come up with a watering schedule, add a few simple supplies, and you’ll be equipped to keep your weed hydrated.
Light: Natural light will keep your cannabis in optimal health if you’re cultivating outdoors. Just make sure you plant in a spot with at least eight hours of direct sunlight a day, and nature will do the rest.
Natural light will keep your cannabis in optimal health if you’re cultivating outdoors. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Should you grow weed indoors or outdoors?
Air: Cultivating cannabis in the great outdoors means you don’t have to manage air quality. In fact, you have no control over the air, other than to ensure you are growing your marijuana in a climate that is not as dry as the Mojave or as humid as the Everglades.
Marijuana cultivation has five major components: light, water, nutrients, air, and temperature. Cannabis growers need to manage each of these factors to cultivate thriving plants at home, so take these elements into consideration to transform your cannabis seeds into healthy marijuana plants .
Less than 12 hours of light a day will trigger the plant’s flowering phase. So, if you wanted to force a plant to flower, you should time its exposure accordingly. Or, just wait a few months until the days grow shorter, and let nature run its course.
Depending on where you live, if you got a healthy clone from a dispensary today, there’s nothing to say you couldn’t just plant it in nutrient-rich soil in a sunny spot, and have flowers in the fall. By then, you will have read all about how to harvest, dry, and cure them.
A recent search of WeedMaps, which is sort of like a cross between Seamless and Yelp for cannabis companies, showed that a clone of LA Confidential—a strain with a reputation for being easy to grow, according to the online resource Leafly—was available for delivery in Los Angeles for $12.
I do not have a particularly green thumb. Any gardening success I’ve had—mostly with the pots of cherry tomatoes and herbs on my patio—has been due to good luck and strong sun.
The minimalist’s setup
“A good window to the soul of your plant is to look at the leaves and know what’s going on,” she says. “It can be really difficult for people to trust what they see with their eyes when cannabis farming. I don’t think I’ve ever encountered a plant that people who are growing it are so nervous to grow it… People don’t necessarily trust their instincts with cannabis, but they should.”
Rather than investing in a high-powered indoor setup, Hicks says using the natural power of the sun—either outdoors or on a sunny (but private) windowsill—is a good approach for the minimalist. And while many are particularly nervous when it comes to growing pot, looking at the plant itself will give you some guidance, Hicks says.
Just like those of us planting tomatoes in the spring, weed gardeners are faced with a choice between starting with seeds or small plants. In the cannabis world, many start with the sprouted cuttings commonly known as “clones.” While sprouting a seedling in a wet paper towel has its charm, clones leave far less margin for error.
A wealth of resources
“You don’t have to have a gigantic grow room, or a huge outdoor cannabis farm,” says Grace Olivia Hicks, the co-founder of Green Carpet Growing, a San Diego, CA-based cannabis cultivation consultancy. “Cannabis doesn’t have to be far away—it’s within reach now and it’s also legally acceptable.”
The resources for prospective pot growers today are incomprehensibly vast.