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melonata seeds

4'x4' deer exclosures built by HHS AP Environmental Science students

A small group of volunteers manages the restoration of the lower Burke Estate. They target:

Other plants characteristic of shallow emergent marshes (most frequent listed first) include blue flag iris (Iris versicolor), sensitive fern (Onoclea sensibilis), common skullcap (Scutellaria galericulata), begger-ticks (Bidens spp.), waterhorehounds (Lycopus uniflorus, L. americanus), burreeds (Sparganium americanum, S. eurycarpum), swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata), waterhemlock (Cicuta bulbifera), asters (Doellingeria umbellata var. umbellata, Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum), marsh bellflower (Campanula aparinoides), water purslane (Ludwigia palustris), royal and cinnamon ferns (Osmunda regalis, O. cinnamomea), marsh cinquefoil (Comarum palustre), rushes (Juncus effusus, J. canadensis), arrowleaf (Peltandra virginica), purple-stem angelica (Angelica atropurpurea), water docks (Rumex orbiculatus, R. verticillatus), turtlehead (Chelone glabra), waterparsnip (Sium suave), and cardinal flower (Lobelia cardinalis).

Sedges (Carex spp.) may be abundant in shallow emergent marshes, but are not usually dominant. Marshes must have less than 50% cover of peat and tussock-forming sedges, such as tussock sedge (Carex stricta); otherwise it may be classified as a sedge meadow. Characteristic shallow emergent marsh sedges include Carex stricta, C. lacustris, C. lurida, C. hystericina, C. alata, C. vulpinoidea, C. comosa, C. utriculata, C. scoparia, C. gynandra, C. stipata, and C. crinita.

Burke Estate Native Plantings

Throughout the year, trails are opened and maintained to enable access by both humans and wildlife.

Shallow emergent marsh : a marsh meadow community that occurs on mineral soil or deep muck soils (rather than true peat), that are permanently saturated and seasonally flooded. This marsh is better drained than a deep emergent marsh; water depths may range from 15 cm to 1 m (6 in to 3.3 ft) during flood stages, but the water level usually drops by mid to late summer and the substrate is exposed during an average year. This is a very broadly defined type that includes several distinct variants and many intermediates. Shallow emergent marshes are very common and quite variable. They may be codominated by a mixture of species, or have a single dominant species. It is likely that an individual occurrence of shallow emergent marsh will not include all of the species listed below.

Melonata seeds

Status: The Band-bellied Owl is uncommon along an elevational band of 600 – 2200 m on the east slope of the Andes. It also occurs in Co, Ec, and, Bo.


Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Eastern Andes, Ecuador

See more of the Family Strigidae

Meaning of Name: Pulsatrix: L. pulsatrix= beater, pusher, attacker. melanota: Gr. melas, melanos black. and nōtos= backed.


Age: Juvenile | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Pasco, Peru

37 cm (14.5 in) . The Band-bellied Owl is dark brown above with a pale belly heavily barred with brown. The facial discs are fringed with whitish giving the appearance of spectacles. The iris is brown. It inhabits humid montane forests on the east slope of the Andes. It is similar to the closely related Spectacled Owl but is distinguished by a heavily barred belly, and by ranging at higher elevations on the east slope of the Andes.

Sub-species: Band-bellied Owl (Pulsatrix melanota), Tschudi, 1844.

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