Germinating cannabis seeds either fresh, or from past crops, doesn’t have to be tricky. It does take the patience of a saint and time to kill. This is also where quality seed genetics come in. Your typical organic seed stock tends to be healthier, growing more vigorously and producing better tasting bud, in addition to enjoying a longer shelf life than seeds made with chemical fertilizers and hormones.
A simple way of germinating your seeds is the paper towel method. Some people don’t like this method because of the bleach type oxidizers in some paper towels. Regardless of that concern – the best way to do the paper towel method of germinating is rather simple. Wet at least 2 to 3 sheets of paper towels, lightly moisten… but not so that it’s saturated. Then place no more than 20 seeds in a row in the center of the paper towel, fold the paper towel around the seeds several times -making a type of pouch. The next step would be to see if some water is needed to moisten the paper towels further. If the paper towel is moist enough, place the moist folded paper towel within a transparent plastic bag. Then place the plastic bag in a dark location, inspecting every 24 hours, keeping an eye opened for your new taproots to pop through the bottom of the seed, which is the pointed end of the kernel. As some seeds are more viable than others, some germinate faster than others.
Patience is the key word for the day. It is needed for the sometimes agonizingly slow process of cannabis seed germination.
Another method which works well but doesn’t give you immediate gratification of knowing your seed is viable, would be to plant the seed directly in the soil. I don’t recommend this. However in the past, I have broken down and planted straight into the grow medium, I prefer to use organic mixes. I specifically layer the soil composition so that the bottom half has the most nutrients. As I worked my way toward the top of my planting container and mix in grow medium which is less hot – fewer nutrients, so as not to burn the tender roots. I fully saturate the soil with water three times the night before I sow my seeds in soil, making sure the mixture is moist enough to retain the necessary water to germinate my precious little ladies (hopefully). The next day I record which strain is placed in which location and I push the seed, pointed side down, to a depth of three quarters of an inch, or to the first knuckle on my index finger. Once planted I then use and old water can with a gentle showerhead attachment, so as not to disturb the soil around the newborn plants.
Once your ladies have made their entrance in the world, and have leaves sticking above the soil, it is now safe to add micro nutrients in a very diluted formula (about 25%). SuperThrive, H2O2 and a variety of other additives can help aid in the oxygenation of your soil, while at the same time killing any pathogens that could ruin your seedlings tender roots.
When it comes to light, sunshine is the best. That being said not everyone has access to the proper amount of light needed when the sowing and growing beans. In this instance a T5 florescent light will be more than sufficient to initiate vigorous vegetation and root growth. Growing under T5 fluorescents produce nice dark leaves and rapid growth. So after the first set of leaves appear, I transplant my new seedlings into a small yet adequately draining pot. No pots nearby…use your typical plastic beer cup with holes punched out of the bottom, for proper drainage. Then using a basic organic soil mix I backfill the container, which is then placed under lights to vegetate and build roots and leaves.
After that it’s off to the garden…