The essential oil derived from the dried peel of immature fruit, particularly from the selected types -‘Jacmel’ in Jamaica and the much more aromatic ‘Curacao orange’ (var. curassaviensis)-gives a distinctive flavor to certain liqueurs.
‘Goleta’ has medium-large fruits with juicy, medium-sour pulp and very few seeds. The tree is of medium size and almost thornless.
Spaniards introduced the sour orange into St. Augustine, Florida. It was quickly adopted by the early settlers and local Indians and, by 1763, sour oranges were being exported from St. Augustine to England. Sour orange trees can still be found in Everglades hammocks on the sites of former Indian dwellings. The first sweet orange budwood was grafted onto sour orange trees in pioneer dooryards and, from that time on, the sour orange became more widely grown as a rootstock in all citrus-producing areas of the world than for its fruit or other features. Today, the sour orange is found growing wild even in southern Georgia and from Mexico to Argentina.
‘Leather-head’ has small, oblate, rough fruits with 20 seeds. The tree has elliptic, blunt leaves.
The tree ranges in height from less than 10 ft (3 m) to 30 ft (9 m), is more erect and has a more compact crown than the sweet orange; has smooth, brown bark, green twigs, angular when young, and flexible, not very sharp, thorns from 1 in to 3 1/8 in (2.5-8 cm) long. The evergreen leaves (technically single leaflets of compound leaves), are aromatic, alternate, on broad-winged petioles much longer than those of the sweet orange; usually ovate with a short point at the apex; 2 1/2 to 5 1/2 in (6.5-13.75 cm) long, 1 1/2 to 4 in (3.75-10 cm) wide; minutely toothed; dark-green above, pale beneath, and dotted with tiny oil glands. The highly fragrant flowers, borne singly or in small clusters in the leaf axils, are about 1 1/2 in (3.75 cm) wide, with 5 white, slender, straplike, recurved, widely-separated petals surrounding a tuft of up to 24 yellow stamens. From 5 to 12% of the flowers are male.
The myrtle-leaved orange (C. aurantium, var. myrtifolia), is a compact shrub or tree with small leaves and no thorns. It was found as a bud mutation on trunks of old sour orange trees in Florida. It is propagated and grown only on the French and Italian Riviera for its small fruits which are preserved in brine and exported for candying.
Unlike its sweet relative, the sour orange does well on low, rich soils with a high water table and is adapted to a wide range of soil conditions.
‘Orange leaf absolute’ enters into soft-drinks, ice cream, baked goods and candy.
When growing, the tree provides ample shade
The sour orange tree is native to Asia, but in Yucatán, Mexico, it is cultivated everywhere, although agricultural spaces are not used for formal cultivation, since the production is backyard.
Package with 40 fresh seeds to sow, collected this season.
It is produced on any type of soil for its impressive adaptability, just imagine! the Yucatecan soil is mainly flagstone, stone. The tree is very resistant to pests and diseases.
Sour orange is a traditional Yucatan crop, a basic ingredient for the production of cochinita pibil, escabeche, mechado, stew and other delicacies that characterize the typical diet of this region.
Sour orange is the most fragrant of the 15 citrus species
The juice relieves hives caused by fly bites.
The medicinal properties of sour orange are very numerous, especially the peel. It is useful to help burn excess body fat and lose weight, without affecting the muscles, as it speeds up the metabolism. It is also used to cure respiratory diseases, colds, insomnia, colitis, constipation, kidney and liver failure, strengthen blood vessels, eliminate intestinal parasites and tumors, prevent cancer. It is recommended to moderate its use if you suffer from high blood pressure and during pregnancy.
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